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欧洲油气生产商提高碳减排目标

2020-2-11 11:02 来源: 中国石化新闻网

据天然气加工网站2月7日消息 西欧最大的石油和天然气生产国挪威宣布,其正在增强减少碳排放的雄心,并将在今年晚些时候向议会提交一份实施计划。

根据2015年达成的《巴黎气候变化协定》,各国必须每五年提交一份经修订的减排计划,即由国家决定的减排贡献。

挪威上周五表示,其是最早向联合国提交强化减排计划的国家之一,并将在2030年之前将其目标从1990年的水平至少削减50%,高于此前承诺的削减40%。

挪威气候与环境部在一份声明中称:“挪威新的强化目标是,到2030年,与1990年相比,减排至少50%,并达到55%。”

根据最新的数据,到目前为止挪威的排放量接近持平。与1990年相比,2018年增长了1%。石油和天然气占挪威5200万吨碳排放总量的四分之一以上。

非欧盟成员国挪威表示,希望与另一个非欧盟国家冰岛和欧盟合作,实现这一强化目标。欧盟已于3月份承诺制定新法律,在2050年前使欧盟气候保持中性。

目前的规定允许挪威为欧盟其他地区的减排买单,以防止其生产超过商定的限额,但挪威正在寻求在国内实现大部分减排目标。

其已经拥有世界上最高的电动汽车使用率,并开始努力掩埋排放物。

其国有石油和天然气公司Equinor在1月份承诺,在本世纪将国内业务的温室气体排放量减少40%,到2050年将接近于零。

依赖化石燃料的国家和公司面临越来越大的压力,因为投资者越来越不愿意为忽视减缓全球变暖必要性的项目提供资金。

但气候运动人士担心,2015年达成巴黎气候协议的势头已经减弱,因为现在防止气温上升所需的措施可能代价高昂,而且会造成破坏。

他们说,下一次11月在格拉斯哥举行的国际气候大会将是对联合国在12月马德里谈判达成妥协后的全球做法能否奏效的关键考验。

吴恒磊 编译自 天然气加工

原文如下:

Leading European oil, gas producer increases carbon-cutting goal

Norway, western Europe’s largest oil and gas producer announced it was increasing its ambition to cut carbon emissions and would put an implementation plan before parliament later this year.

Under the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, brokered in 2015, nations have to submit revised plans to reduce emissions, known as nationally determined contributions, every five years.

Norway said on Friday it was one of the first countries to submit enhanced reduction plans to the United Nations and would increase its ambition to a cut of at least 50% from 1990 levels by 2030, up from a previous pledge of a 40% cut.

“Norway’s new and strengthened target is to reduce emissions by at least 50%, and towards 55% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels,” the ministry of climate and environment said in a statement.

So far Norway’s emissions are close to flat, according to the latest available data. In 2018 they were 1% higher versus 1990 levels. Oil and gas contributes more than a quarter of Norway’s total emissions of 52 million tonnes of carbon.

Non-EU member Norway said it wished to fulfil the enhanced target in collaboration with another non-EU nation Iceland and with the European Union, which has promised new laws in March to make the bloc climate neutral by 2050.

Current rules allow Norway to pay for emissions reductions elsewhere in the EU in order to prevent it producing above agreed limits, but it is seeking to achieve most of its emission cuts at home.

Already it has the world’s highest rate of electric car use and has embarked on efforts to bury emissions.

Its state-controlled oil and gas firm Equinor pledged in January to cut greenhouse emissions from its domestic operations by 40% this decade and to near zero by 2050.

Pressure is mounting on countries and companies that rely on fossil fuel as investors are increasingly unwilling to finance projects that ignore the need to slow global warming.

But climate campaigners are concerned that the momentum that brought about the Paris climate deal in 2015 has ebbed away as the steps now needed to prevent temperatures rising are likely to be expensive and disruptive.

They say the next international climate conference in Glasgow in November will be a crucial test of whether the United Nations’ global approach can work after talks in Madrid in December ended in compromise.

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