该公告标志着欧盟在采用更严格的二氧化碳排放绩效标准方面迈出了最后的重要一步，这是欧盟委员会“Fit for 55”路线图的关键支柱之一 ——欧盟提议的将温室气体(GHG)排放量减少55%的战略到2030年的百分比，与1990年的水平相比。
新法规已于2022年10月获得理事会和欧洲议会的同意，但在最终通过方面面临挑战，德国要求保证内燃机在 2035 年最后期限之后仍将被允许，前提是它们继续运行碳中性燃料，或“电子燃料”。周末，欧洲绿色协议执行副主席弗兰斯·蒂默曼斯 (Frans Timmermans) 和德国交通
部长沃尔克·维辛 (Volker Wissing) 宣布了一项关于使用燃料的协议。
根据欧洲理事会的一份声明，新法规现在包含对电子燃料的提及，根据该法规，“委员会将根据欧盟法律，在 2035 年之后提出对完全使用二氧化碳中性燃料行驶的车辆进行登记的提案，超出车队标准的范围，并符合欧盟的气候中和目标。”
除了 2035 年的目标外，该法规还包括中期目标，要求与 2021 年的水平相比，到 2030 年新车的二氧化碳排放量减少 55%，新货车的二氧化碳排放量减少 50%。
理事会还宣布与欧洲议会就一项相关的 Fit for 55 法律达成协议，要求在欧洲主要交通网络中大幅增加电动汽车充电站和加氢站，旨在实现向零排放交通的过渡，并解决消费者问题
The European Council announced today that it has adopted a new regulation which includes a requirement for a 100% reduction in CO2 emissions from new cars and vans registered in the EU from 2035.
The announcement marks the final major step in the adoption of stricter CO2 emission performance standards in the EU, one of the key planks of the European Commission’s “Fit for 55” roadmap – the EU’s proposed strategy to cut greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 55% by 2030, compared to 1990 levels.
The new regulation had been agreed to by the Council and the European Parliament in October 2022, but had faced challenges in reaching its final adoption, with Germany asking for assurances that combustion engines would still be allowed past the 2035 deadline, provided that they run on carbon neutral fuels, or “e-fuels.” A deal on the use of efuels was announced by Frans Timmermans, Executive Vice-President for the European Green Deal and German Transport Minister Volker Wissing over the weekend.
According to a statement from the European Council, the new regulation now contains a reference to e-fuels, under which “the Commission will make a proposal for registering vehicles running exclusively on CO2-neutral fuels, after 2035, in conformity with EU law, outside the scope of the fleet standards, and in conformity with the EU’s climate neutrality objective.”
In addition to the 2035 goal, the regulation also includes interim targets requiring a 55% CO2 emission reduction for new cars and 50% for new vans by 2030, compared to 2021 levels.
The Council also announced an agreement today with the European Parliament for a related Fit for 55 law, mandating a significant increase in electric vehicle recharging and hydrogen refueling stations across Europe’s main transport networks, aimed at enabling the transition to zero emission transport, and addressing consumer refueling concerns that could impede the switch to zero emission vehicles.