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西班牙旨在到2050年实现净零排放

2020-5-21 16:00 来源: 中国石化新闻网

据今日油价网站5月19日消息 西班牙政府正在提议新的立法,使该国承诺最迟在2050年实现净零碳排放,如果获得批准,将立即禁止所有新的石油、天然气和煤炭项目。

据BusinessGreen报道,西班牙政府提出的这项法案仍需议会批准,该法案还将致力于在2050年前使西班牙的发电量仅来自可再生能源。根据法律草案,到2040年,西班牙道路上的所有车辆也必须实现零排放。

西班牙内阁希望,新的立法如果获得通过,将标志着该国及其经济在COVID-19大流行病(西班牙是世界上受影响最严重的国家之一)之后的复苏进程。

新的立法将使西班牙履行其在巴黎协议下的承诺,并在欧盟绿色协议中发挥关键作用。

如果该法案成为法律,西班牙将加入另一个主要的欧洲经济体英国,将净零承诺写入法律。

去年6月,英国成为世界上第一个将其到2050年将温室气体排放量降至零的目标写入法律的主要经济体。根据这项法律,英国将被要求在2050年前实现净零碳排放,而此前的目标是在1990年的基础上至少减排80%。

今年早些时候,欧盟委员会提议将欧洲绿色协议关于2050年前碳中和的承诺写入立法,作为欧盟高度重视气候行动和政策的一部分。

根据一项欧洲气候法,2050年碳中和目标将具有法律约束力,所有欧盟机构和成员国将集体承担在欧盟和国家一级采取必要措施实现这一目标的义务。

王磊 摘译自 今日油价

原文如下:

Spain Targets Net Zero Emissions By 2050

Spain’s government is proposing new legislation to have the country commit to net-zero carbon emissions by 2050 at the latest, which, if approved, will ban all new oil, gas, and coal projects with immediate effect.

The bill, presented by the government that still requires Parliament approval, will also aim to make Spain’s electricity generation coming only from renewable sources by 2050, BusinessGreen reports. All vehicles on Spanish roads will also have to be zero-emission by 2040, according to the draft law.

The Spanish cabinet hopes that the new legislation, if passed, could mark the course to recovery for the country and its economy after the COVID-19 pandemic, in which Spain is one of the worst affected countries in the world.

The new legislation would put Spain on course to fulfill its pledges under the Paris Agreement and play a crucial part in the EU Green Deal.

If the bill becomes law, Spain will join another major European economy, the UK, in enshrining a net-zero pledge into law.

In June last year, the UK became the first major economy in the world to enshrine into law its target to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions to net zero by 2050. Under the law, the UK will be required to have net-zero carbon emissions by 2050, compared to a previous target of at least an 80-percent emissions reduction from 1990 levels.

Earlier this year, the European Commission proposed enshrining the European Green Deal’s commitment for carbon neutrality by 2050 into legislation as part of the European Union’s heightened focus on climate action and policy.

Under a European Climate Law, the 2050 carbon neutrality target would become legally binding and all EU institutions and member states will be collectively bound to take the necessary measures at the EU and national level to meet that target.

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